Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common bacterial infection in young and elderly women. Despite the higher incidence of bacteria in elderly women, most UTI research has been conducted among young women.
Researchers found that urinary incontinence, a history of UTI before menopause, were strongly associated with recurrent UTI in postmenopausal women.
Another important factor in postmenopausal women is the potential role that estrogen deficiency plays in the development of bacteria. The use of estrogen in preventing UTI in postmenopausal women remains questionable. Strategies have been researched for reducing the use of antibiotics in the prevention and treatment of UTI. Two of them are probiotics and cranberry juice or capsules.
Although several studies regarding probiotics and cranberry juice or capsules have reported a reduction of episodes of UTI, there is no conclusive evidence that they are useful in the prevention of UTI in postmenopausal women.